On August 8, 1945, the United States, England, France and the Soviet Union signed the London Agreement. The London Agreement charter has become the basis for trials before the IMT in Nuremberg. In the summer of 1945, Robert H. Jackson and his team, including his son William E. Jackson, worked for two months to reach consensus among the Allies. Jackson`s energy, intelligence and leadership guided the London conference. The jurisdiction of the Court of Justice has been exposed to section 6 of the Charter. This section defined the crimes that could be charged against the accused; Crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity. (a) CRIMES CONTRE PEACE: namely the planning, preparation, initiation or conduct of a war of aggression or war in violation of international treaties, agreements or assurances or participation in a common plan or conspiracy to implement one of the previous agreements; “Of course, it would be extravagant to say that such agreements or processes can make it impossible to wage aggressive war or persecution of minorities, just as it would be extravagant to claim that our federal laws make federal crime impossible. But we cannot doubt that they strengthen the bulwarks of peace and tolerance. The four nations, through their prosecutors and their representatives at the Tribunal, have issued standards of behaviour that give man new wills and which future statesmen will not deviate lightly from. These criteria, according to which the Germans were convicted, become a condemnation of any incredulous nation. As part of the agreement signed on 8 August 1945 by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Government of the United States of America, the Provisional Government of the French Republic and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, an international military tribunal (hereafter referred to as the “court”) was established to bring to justice and without delay the great war criminals of the European Axis.
The summer of 1945 was the summer in which the Second World War ended. Prisoners Nazi leaders were waiting, their fate unknown. The Allies discovered death camps, and survivors went to destroyed cities. The work done this summer in London by Jackson and others was not without conflict and did not solve the enormous problems that would arise in the years to come. 1947, Jackson wrote: International Conference on Military Trials: London, 1945 Agreement and Charter, August 8, 1945 John Q. Barrett, Professor of Law, St. John`s University – Elizabeth S. Lenna Fellow at the Robert H. Jackson Center, discussed the importance of the 1945 London Accord. “On August 8, 1945, we signed the agreement, as I had the honour of doing on behalf of the United States.
and it was announced to the world. Until then, there were press rumors that we were having a hard time getting there. We had openly admitted that we had it, but there was no exploitation of our differences. This document was welcomed in most interested countries. DONE in quadruplicate in London on August 8, 1945 in English, French and Russian respectively, and each text to have the same authenticity.