“Carbon dioxide emissions more than doubled between 2005 and 2018. India`s commitment to reduce its emission intensity is indeed encouraging, but it will not result in a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions below current levels. As a result, India`s commitment was deemed insufficient to help reduce global emissions by 50% by 2030,” the report says. Despite its low per capita emissions, India has made significant commitments under the “Intended Nationally Determined Contribution” (NDC) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) presented in 2015 as part of the Paris Agreement. According to the report, sufficient commitments were climate commitments, which have committed to reducing emissions by 40%, as they generally meet the overall need to reduce emissions by at least half by 2030. In part, they have pledged to reduce emissions by 20-40%. Nations that expected emissions reductions of less than 20% were seen as partially inadequate commitments, and nations that did not have emission reduction targets in their commitments and whose commitments need more than 50% of international financial aid were deemed insufficient. Nevertheless, this figure indicates that India is on track to meet the emission intensity requirement by 2030. An analysis by the U.S.-based Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis indicates that India could meet its target a decade earlier. Even at this measured rate, India could secure its commitment to the Paris Agreement before the 2030 deadline. Heads of state and government from around the world are meeting this week in Madrid to focus on implementing the Paris Agreement. The conference began in a scathing context with the latest report of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which will sound the alarm for stronger action.

Although India is one of the few countries on track to meet its Paris commitments, all countries in the world need much more. The “Truth Behind the Climate Pledges” report, published by the Universal Ecological Fund, a non-profit research organization based in the United States of America on climate change issues, examined climate promises by a panel of experts from the United Kingdom, the United States, Argentina and Austria. The experts, made up of climate scientists and scientific organizations, ranked countries on the basis of their commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and identified weaknesses in voluntary commitments. The team analyzed the 184 voluntary commitments made by countries under the Paris Agreement and estimated that nearly 75% of the overall climate commitments under the agreement are “insufficient to slow climate change,” and some of the world`s largest emitters, such as the United States, China and India, will continue to increase their emissions.