Since the mid-2000s, the theme of innovation as an instrument to combat poverty has gained momentum among key international development players such as DFID,[98] gates Foundations Using the Grand Challenge Funding Model[99] and uSAID`s Global Development Lab. [100] Networks have been created to support development innovation, such as Z.B. D-Lab at MIT. [101] Investment funds have been created to identify and catalyze innovations in developing countries, such as DFID`s Global Innovation Fund. B,[102] Human Development Innovation Fund[103] and (in partnership with USAID) the Global Development Innovation Ventures. [104] Many scientists claim that there is a strong bias in the “science and technology” mode, while the “Learning by doing, using and interacting mode” mode is ignored and measurements and research are rarely done on this subject. For example, an institution may be high-tech with the latest equipment, but it lacks significant action, using and interacting important tasks for innovation. [Citation required] The word “innovation” once had a whole new meaning. The first evening debate on innovation is the report of the Greek philosopher and historian Xenophon (430-355 BC). He considered the concept to be multi-plan and associated with political action. The word for innovation he uses is “Kainotomia” (innovation) and before him, it was used in two pieces by Aristophanes. Plato discussed innovation in his book Laws and was not very excited about the concept. He was skeptical of both culture (dance and art) and education (he did not believe in introducing new games and toys for children).

[27] Aristotle did not like organizational innovations because he believed that Machiavellian The Prince (1513) describes innovation in a political environment. It is presented as a strategy that a prince can use to deal with an ever-changing world and the corruption associated with it. Here, innovation is described as the introduction of changes of government (new laws and institutions) in Machiavelli`s later book, The Discourses (1528), innovation is described as an imitation, as a return to the original corrupted by men and with time. Thus, for Machiavelli, innovation came with positive connotations. However, this is an exception in the description of innovation from the 16th century on. No innovator from the Renaissance to the late 19th century ever thought of applying the word innovative to himself, it was a word used to attack enemies. [27] In the 1900s, the concept of innovation did not become popular until after World War II. This is the moment when people started talking about technological innovation in products and tying them to the idea of economic growth and competitive advantage.

[33] Joseph Schumpeter (1883-1950) is often assigned as the one who made him popular, and he has contributed greatly to the study of the economics of innovation, while Henderson and Clark and Christensen talk about technical innovation, there are other types of innovation such as service innovation and organizational innovation.